Defamation occurs when one or more people tell something that is untrue about a person, and this causes harm to that person’s reputation. There are two main types of defamation, and they include libel which refers to written defamation and slander which refers to verbal defamation. Here are the three key factors that decide if a defamation case should be taken to court.
The defamatory statement must be a lie – Everyone has the right to their opinion, however, if the opinion harms a person, is outrageous and designed to harm a person’s reputation, then it can be classed as defamation. But if the opinion is legitimate, then it is classed as free speech.
There must be actual harm – The defamed must be harmed in the form of losing a job, losing business or have a nervous breakdown as a result of the defamation. In this instance, it is important that the injuries are quantifiable to stand as a lawsuit for slander or libel.
You need evidence – Evidence is crucial for the Look for video or audio recordings that will strengthen a slander case. For libel, screen shots of social network sites, letters or articles are sufficient for the case.
If you feel you have been a victim to libel or slander, firstly calm down and walk away from the situation to reflect if you have a case. Secondly, if you still believe you have a case, gather evidence and contact a reputed lawyer who handles such cases.